This one is for folks who have been hearing about diabetes all along but neither had the energy nor the patience to digest tons of information available out there, to know what it actually means.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a condition where in a person’s blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high.
Blood glucose is a major source of energy and is produced in the body by digesting food. A small percentage of glucose is also produced in the liver and in muscles. The blood transfers glucose thus produced, to all parts of the body. For our body to use blood glucose to produce energy, it has to get absorbed in to the cells.
Blood contains a hormone called Insulin which is released by pancreas, an organ located between the stomach and the spine that helps in digestion. It is insulin that helps in absorption of blood glucose into the cells. Sometimes, if the body doesn’t make enough insulin or if the body gets resistant to insulin, glucose stays in the blood and doesn’t reach the cells, thus increasing the levels of glucose in the blood.
What Are The Different Forms Of Diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes usually develops in young children. In type 1 diabetes, the body no longer produces insulin because the body’s immune system which normally helps in getting rid of bacteria, viruses and other harmful substances, attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin.
Type 2 diabetes can affect anyone, usually middle aged and elderly men and women. People who are overweight or inactive are also more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. It begins with insulin resistance – a condition where in more insulin than normal is needed for glucose absorption from the blood to the cells. In the beginning the pancreas keeps up with the added demand by producing more insulin, but over time, this becomes inadequate.
There is also a third type of diabetes called the gestational diabetes which occurs in women usually during the final days of pregnancy. In most cases, the condition gets reversed after giving birth, whereas in other cases, the condition slowly develops into type 2 diabetes.
Please leave your comments below, if you have any questions about diabetes and it repercussions. Will be more than happy to answer and give clarifications.